Despite Autonomous Vehicle Intrigue, Americans Still Crave Control Behind The Wheel, According To New Kelley Blue Book Study

Two-Thirds of Consumers Believe Roadways Would Be Safer with Self-Driving Cars

IRVINE, Calif., Sept. 28, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- With new vehicle technologies being reported every day, autonomous (or self-driving) vehicles are capturing the attention of the automotive industry, consumers, dealers and developers alike. However, new research from Kelley Blue Book reveals that Americans are most comfortable with the vehicles currently on the road today, believing that they are significantly safer than models with a higher level of autonomy. This is just one of many interesting findings of the recent 2016 Kelley Blue Book Future Autonomous Vehicle Driver Study, released today by Kelley Blue Book, the vehicle valuation and information source trusted and relied upon by both consumers and the automotive industry.

Video -

Kelley Blue Book commissioned the national study to understand current consumer perceptions and misconceptions of autonomous vehicles overall and by each level of autonomy. The survey, conducted by market research firm Vital Findings, found that consumers are torn between the need for safety and the desire for control, with 51 percent of respondents replying that they prefer to have full control of their vehicle, even if it's not as safe for other drivers, while 49 percent prefer to have a safer roadway for all, even if that means they have less control over their own vehicle. There are six levels of vehicle autonomy identified by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), from Level 0 (human-only control) to Level 5 (no human driver).

"The industry is talking a lot about self-driving vehicles these days, with multiple automakers and ride share companies throwing their hats in the competition to build and release the first fully autonomous vehicle to consumers," said Karl Brauer, senior analyst for Kelley Blue Book. "Much is still unknown about fully autonomous vehicles, including how they would react in emergency situations, but the lower-level options are gaining steam, with many Americans interested in purchasing vehicles with Level 2 semi-autonomous features. Available today in certain vehicles, these Level 2 features are automated, but the driver must be ready to take control of the vehicle. For these consumers, the biggest purchase barrier is market supply. For tentative buyers, first-hand experience like test drives, short-term leasing or daily rentals will be crucial when making future purchasing decisions. Automakers will need to address hesitant drivers in order to be successful."

According to the survey, awareness of the higher levels of vehicle autonomy is limited, with six out of 10 respondents admitting that they know little or nothing about autonomous vehicles. For half of the survey respondents, the perception of safety and personal comfort with autonomous technology diminished as the level of autonomy increased. When survey respondents were asked to make a choice between the different levels, Level 4 autonomy hits the "sweet spot" by providing all the benefits of full vehicle autonomy without stripping away the option of driver control. This isn't surprising, considering 80 percent of respondents believe that people should always have the option to drive themselves, and 64 percent prefer to be in control of their vehicles. In fact, most consumers (62 percent) do not think they will live to see a world where all vehicles are fully autonomous.

However, not all Americans are hesitant about the technological future of their automobiles. Respondents in the tech-savvy pre-driving Gen Z (12-15 years old) age range are ready to get on board with autonomy and consider themselves the most educated about autonomous vehicles. The majority (67 percent) of pre-driving Gen Z respondents believe they will see fully autonomous vehicles in their lifetime. Forty-three percent of pre-driving Gen Z respondents report that they know a lot about autonomous vehicles compared to only 1 percent of Baby Boomers (51-64 years old). Pre-driving Gen Z are the most comfortable (73 percent) and feel the safest (79 percent) among all age groups with the highest level, Level 5 full vehicle autonomy (without human input). Older Millennials (25-34 years old), who have actual purchasing power today, are not far behind, at 44 percent and 61 percent, respectively. 

A majority of current luxury vehicle owners also report more awareness of the higher levels of autonomy, particularly Level 5 (60 percent, compared to 39 percent for the remainder of the surveyed group). Level 4 autonomy and Level 5 autonomy are almost equally appealing to luxury vehicle owners (26 percent and 25 percent, respectively), while non-luxury vehicle owners showed the highest interest in Level 4 (30 percent).  

Additional Findings from the 2016 Kelley Blue Book Future Autonomous Vehicle Driver Study:

  • Safer and More Efficient:  A majority of Americans (63 percent) believe that roadways would be safer if autonomous vehicles were standard; however, 37 percent think that roadways are safer with vehicles operated by people. In addition, 60 percent of respondents would share their vehicle information for more efficient roadways, while 40 percent prefer to keep their information private.
  • Ride Share Customers Are Open to Driverless Rides:  Americans lean more toward human drivers rather than self-driving vehicles when ride sharing, with more than half (56 percent) reporting that they would prefer to use services such as taxis, Uber or Lyft with human drivers, in contrast to 44 percent who report that they would prefer to use these same services with self-driving vehicles. However, among current ride-sharing users, a little more than half (51 percent) prefer an autonomously driven vehicle, while just under half (49 percent) prefer to ride in a human-operated vehicle. Ride-share users are significantly more comfortable letting a vehicle drive them without their control (44 percent) versus non-ride-share users (34 percent). With ride-sharing users also more knowledgeable about self-driving vehicles (32 percent know a lot, versus 8 percent of non ride-sharers), they feel significantly more comfortable with the technology at Level 4 and Level 5 fully autonomous vehicles, and feel that autonomous vehicles are safer, than respondents that don't ride-share.
  • Try It to Buy It:  Early adopters are convinced by experiencing the autonomous technology for themselves. Those with first-hand experience develop higher opinions of safety and comfort toward Level 5 vehicles and are the most excited to purchase them.
  • The Best of Both Worlds:  On the road to autonomy, interest peaks at Level 4 as it offers the best of both worlds – a fully autonomous vehicle that still provides the option to drive. Level 3 autonomy falls short, with drivers feeling they can't fully relax as they distrust the autonomous technology, while Level 5 autonomy is off-putting because it doesn't offer the option to drive. 
  • The Future is Coming:  If vehicles at all levels of autonomy were available by 2020, 59 percent of consumers would be likely to purchase a Level 3 or higher autonomous vehicle that is capable of driving itself for extended periods of time.

The national survey reveals the responses from more than 2,200 U.S. residents between the ages of 12-64 years old, weighted to Census figures by age, gender and ethnicity, and that have a variety of residential and ownership patterns.

To discuss this topic, or any other automotive-related information, with a Kelley Blue Book analyst on-camera via the company's on-site studio, please contact a member of the Public Relations team to book an interview.

For more information and news from Kelley Blue Book's, visit, follow us on Twitter at (or @kelleybluebook), like our page on Facebook at, and get updates on Google+ at

About Kelley Blue Book (
Founded in 1926, Kelley Blue Book, The Trusted Resource®, is the vehicle valuation and information source trusted and relied upon by both consumers and the automotive industry.  Each week the company provides the most market-reflective values in the industry on its top-rated website, including its famous Blue Book® Trade-In Values and Fair Purchase Price, which reports what others are paying for new and used cars this week.  The company also provides vehicle pricing and values through various products and services available to car dealers, auto manufacturers, finance and insurance companies, and governmental agencies.  Kelley Blue Book's ranked highest in its category for brand equity by the 2016 Harris Poll EquiTrend® study and has been named Online Auto Shopping Brand of the Year for five consecutive years.  Kelley Blue Book Co., Inc. is a Cox Automotive brand.

About Cox Automotive
Cox Automotive Inc. is transforming the way the world buys, sells and owns cars with industry-leading digital marketing, software, financial, wholesale and e-commerce solutions for consumers, dealers, manufacturers and the overall automotive ecosystem worldwide. Committed to open choice and dedicated to strong partnerships, the Cox Automotive family includes Autotrader®,®, Dealertrack®, Kelley Blue Book®, Manheim®, NextGear Capital®, vAuto®, Xtime® and a host of other brands. The global company has 33,000 team members in more than 200 locations and is partner to more than 40,000 auto dealers, as well as most major automobile manufacturers, while engaging U.S. consumer car buyers with the most recognized media brands in the industry. Cox Automotive is a subsidiary of Cox Enterprises Inc., an Atlanta-based company with revenues of $18 billion and approximately 60,000 employees. Cox Enterprises' other major operating subsidiaries include Cox Communications and Cox Media Group. For more information about Cox Automotive, visit

Kelley Blue Book Logo.


Logo -



SOURCE Kelley Blue Book

For further information: Andrew Nicolai, 949-293-5241,; Brenna Robinson, 949-267-4781,; Michelle Behar, 949-268-4259,; Joanna Pinkham, 404-568-7135,
Key Contacts

Director, Public Relations
Lisa Aloisio

Sr. Public Relations Manager
Brenna Buehler

For general or customer service inquiries,
please call 1-800-258-3266.




* Required Fields
Thanks for Supporting
Kelley Blue Book.
We deliver up-to-date car values, expert reviews and unbiased reporting at no
cost to you. To do this, we display ads from only trusted automotive partners.

To continue on our site, simply turn off your ad blocker and refresh the page.